Legal News and Appellate Tips

Each week, TVA appellate attorney Tim Kowal reviews several recent decisions out of the appellate courts in California, and elsewhere, and reports about the ones that might help you get an edge in your cases and appeals.

If you would like to receive weekly updates of the articles posted here, click here to sign up for the newsletter.

Tag: Timeliness

60-Day Deadline to Appeal Not Triggered by Minute Order

You know that the 60-day deadline to appeal starts the moment the clerk or a party serves either a notice of entry or a "filed-endorsed copy of the judgment, showing the date either was served." (Rules of Court, rule 8.104(a)(1)(A).) So what happens when the clerk serves a 23-page minute order granting an anti-SLAPP motion, along with a certificate of mailing? The judge clearly has decided the anti-SLAPP motion, which is an appealable order. The certificate shows the date of service. So the 60-day period starts running, right?

Wrong, says the Second District in Nejad v. Abernathy (D2d4 Nov. 1, 2021) 2021 WL 5049091 (nos. B304481, B307759) (nonpub. opn.). Rule 8.104 is read literally. There was no document titled "Notice of Entry," and no file stamp on the minute order. Thus, service with the minute order was insufficient to trigger the 60-day deadline. Motion to dismiss appeal denied.

Still, I would not chance it. File the notice of appeal within 60 days unless you have a very good reason why not.

Read More
"Notice of Ruling"​ ≠ "Notice of Entry"​ When Calculating the Extension of Time to File Attorney Fee Motion or Appeal After Denial of New Trial Motion

Pop quiz: How much time do you get to file a motion for attorneys' fees (or a notice of appeal) after an order denying a new trial motion?
a. 30 days
b. 60 days after notice of entry of judgment
c. 180 days after entry of judgment
d. It depends on how order denying the new trial motion was served.

If you answered "it depends" then you are correct, as helpfully explained in Gallop v. Duval (D2d2 Sep. 2, 2021) 2021 WL 4077847 no. B308531 (nonpub. opn.).

Closely following rule 8.108, the court noted that the new trial denial order was not served. A notice of entry was not served. The denial was not by operation of law. By process of elimination, the time to appeal was extended to 180 days after entry of the November judgment. The February motion was timely, so the trial court's denial of attorney fee motion as untimely had to be reversed.

Get a weekly digest of these articles delivered to your inbox by subscribing here: https://lnkd.in/g23bc4Y.

Read More
Appellate Court Acknowledges "The Rules Governing the Timeliness of an Appeal Are Complex"​; Appeal Dismissed

Filing a notice of appeal is deceptively simple. There is a Judicial Council form you can use. Everyone knows there is a 60-day deadline to file the notice of appeal (though when it starts running can be a little mysterious). There is no reason to consult an appellate attorney for something so simple as filing a notice of appeal.

Is there?

Think again. There are endless confounders in deciding when and what to appeal. A few of them arose in CL Brookshire v. Albers YZI LLC (D2d5 Jul. 14) no. B306001 (nonpub. opn.). Specifically, the case reminds litigants that:

1. No, a defective post-order or post-judgment motion is "invalid" and so will not extend the time to appeal.

2. Yes, even if you have blown the time to appeal, you might still move to vacate the judgment or order. And yes, you might be able to appeal the denial of the motion to vacate. But no, you cannot challenge the merits of the underlying order or judgment. Instead, you have to establish the trial court abused its discretion in denying your motion.

The Upshot: Originally, the plaintiff had a very sound appellate challenge. But instead of just getting on with the appeal, the plaintiff lost by making post-order motions in the trial court.

If you are considering pursuing post-order or post-judgment motions, this is an excellent time to consult appellate counsel.

Read More
To Start the 60-Day Clock for Your Opponent to Appeal, You Must Include a Proof of Service with Your Notice of Entry

Starting the 60-day clock for your opponent to file a notice of appeal requires strict compliance with the California Rules of Court, including the service requirements. That means a proof of service. Even actual notice in court is no substitute.

Also, if an unlawful detainer doesn't suit you, have you considered an elder abuse restraining order?

That is what happened in Smith v. Monk (D2d4 Jul. 6, 2021) no. B300975 (nonpub. opn.). Mother settled her unlawful detainer action against daughter, but later decided she still wanted her out. She accomplished this through an elder abuse restraining order.

Daughter's appeal, though unsuccessful, survived mother's challenges to timeliness. Mother failed to trigger the 60-day deadline to appeal because even though the order was personally served on daughter in court, and attached as an exhibit to a later filing, neither of these satisfies California Rules of Court, rule 8.104. The Notice of Entry or file-stamped copy of the order must be separately served and accompanied by a proof of service.

Read More
The 180-Day Deadline to Appeal Is Not Subject to Extension, Waiver, or "Fundamental Fairness"​

Appeals are dismissed on untimeliness grounds with regularity. This opinion, dismissing an untimely appeal, provides analysis that may help you avoid a similar fate. The problem, in short, is failing to appreciate that, while Rule 8.108 of the Rules of Court may extend the deadline to appeal, that rule never extends the deadline beyond 180 days from entry of the judgment. If you can remember only that, it will save you from the fate in Brownstone Lofts, LLC v. Otto Miller (D1d1 May 11, 2021) no. A160616 (non-pub.).

One other thing to try and remember: Once a final order is entered, the trial court loses jurisdiction to hear a motion for reconsideration. That means a postjudgment motion for reconsideration is improper and will not extend the time to appeal.

Read More
The Notice of Appeal Is Deemed Filed When the Clerk Receives It...

The Notice of Appeal Is Deemed Filed When the Clerk Receives It...
... not when the clerk happens to get around to filing it.
In recent months – even before Covid, but even more since – I have seen clerks failing to promptly process filings. You have probably noticed it, too. Depending on the filing, this may create problems. For a notice of appeal, which has jurisdictional consequences, the date of filing is a matter of life or death to an appeal.
So what happens if you submit the notice of appeal timely, but the clerk does not actually "file" it until it is untimely?
J.M v. Los Angeles County Dept. of Children and Family Services (D2d2 Apr. 12, 2021) no. B305486 (not published) held: The appeal is timely. Fortunately, neither appelants' right to appeal nor the Court of Appeal's jurisdiction are at the mercy of a clerk's filing idiosyncrasies.

Read More
Untimely Appeal May Be Excused in Dependency Proceedings, Cal. Supreme Court Holds

The California Supreme Court in In re A.R. (Apr. 5, 2021) no. S260928 held that failing to file a timely notice of appeal is not necessarily fatal in a dependency case. This is a surprising holding because, as most practitioners know, reviewing courts treat appellate deadlines as jurisdictional in nature: a hard limit on the court's very authority to act, regardless of merits, good cause, or equity.
Does the Court's holding undermine this jurisdictional rule? To escape the harsh effect of the jurisdictional requirement of filing a timely appeal, the Court relies heavily on another statutory right: the right to competent counsel in dependency proceedings. (Welf. & Inst. Code, § 317.5.) But as the Court acknowledges, the Legislature does not furnish any remedy for this right. Namely, the Legislature does not suggest any exception to the jurisdictional limits on the courts' powers.

The upshot: I do not expect In re A.R. will lead to any different results in civil appeals in the short term. Courts will continue citing the "jurisdictional" prohibition against considering untimely appeals. But, we may continue to wonder whether they are in earnest.

Read More
New Trial Motion Not Heard Within Statutory Period Deemed Denied

Beware when filing new trial motions: if you are relying on it to extend your time to appeal, be mindful that it is heard within the statutory 75-day period. In Choochagi […]

Read More

Tags

Podcast (66)
Videos (55)
Abuse of Discretion (19)
Appealability and Appealable Orders (17)
Waiver and Forfeiture (16)
Notices of Appeal (15)
Splits of Authority (13)
Legal Writing (13)
Statements of Decision (12)
Stays on Appeal (11)
Dismissals (11)
New Trial Motions (10)
Arbitration (9)
Judgment Enforcement (9)
Oral Argument (9)
Unpublished Opinions (9)
Briefing (9)
Attorney Fees (8)
Sanctions (8)
Anti-SLAPP (8)
Motions for Reconsideration (8)
Evidentiary Objections (8)
Record on Appeal (8)
Appealability (8)
Timeliness (8)
Dissents (7)
Preliminary Injunctions (7)
Summary Judgments and Summary Adjudications (7)
Implied Findings (7)
Respondent Arguments (7)
Ninth Circuit (7)
Federal Courts (7)
Trial Strategy (7)
Appellate Sanctions (6)
Family Law (6)
Civility (6)
CCP 998 Offers (6)
Standards of Review (6)
Discovery (6)
Collateral Orders (6)
Writ Petitions (6)
Stipulated Judgments (6)
Disqualification (5)
Appellate Bonds (5)
Exclusion of Evidence (5)
Admission of Improper Evidence (5)
Posttrial Motions (5)
Appellate Practice (5)
California Supreme Court (5)
Substantial Evidence (5)
Mootness (5)
Experts (5)
Trial Procedure (5)
Notices of Entry (4)
Timely and Untimely Appeals (4)
Jurisdiction (4)
Default Judgments (4)
Motions to Vacate and Set Aside Judgments (4)
Dismissed Appeals (4)
Ethical Duty of Candor (4)
Excessive Damages (4)
Standing (4)
Motions in Limine (4)
Disentitlement Doctrine (4)
Finding Compelled as a Matter of Law (Failure of Proof) Standard of Review (4)
Frivolous Motions (3)
Juror Peremptory Challenges (3)
Petitions for Review (3)
Depublished Opinions (3)
Summary Judgments (3)
Expert Opinions (3)
Summary Judgment (3)
Appealable Orders (3)
Trust and Probate (3)
Settlements (3)
Appeals Treated as Writs (3)
Stays (3)
Demurrers (3)
Probate Appeals (3)
Judicial Admissions (2)
Legal Ethics and Professional Responsibility (2)
Trial by Reference and Pro Tem Judges (2)
Law and Motion (2)
Contempt (2)
Attorney Client Privilege (2)
Forfeiture and Waiver (2)
PAGA Actions (2)
Litigation Tips (2)
Recovery of Costs (2)
Standards of Evidence (2)
Jury Waivers (2)
Personal Jurisdiction (2)
Tentative Rulings (2)
Motions to Dismiss (2)
Landlord Tenant (2)
Judicial Bias (2)
Appeals Dismissed (2)
Invited Error (2)
Mediation (2)
Waiver (2)
Untimeliness (2)
Legal Practice (2)
Pretrial Procedure (2)
Post Reversal Issues (2)
Pretrial Issues (2)
Class Actions (2)
Motions to Vacate (2)
Mischief (2)
Amicus Briefs (2)
Comments (2)
Civil Theft (1)
Treble Damages (1)
Frivolous Appeals (1)
Post-Appellate Issues (1)
Referral Fees (1)
PAGA Attorney Fees (1)
Issue Selection on Appeal (1)
Remote Arguments (1)
Attorney Feese (1)
Employment Law (1)
Common Interest Doctrine (1)
Premises Liability (1)
Juror Misconduct (1)
Product Liability (1)
Clear and Convincing (1)
ADA and Unruh Accessibility Actions (1)
Clerks Service of File Stamped Judgment (1)
Designating the Record (1)
Trade Restraints (1)
Civil Code 3334 (1)
Benefits Obtained Trespass Damages (1)
Trespass (1)
Property Rights (1)
Inherent Authority (1)
Support Awards (1)
Forfeiture (1)
PostJudgment Litigation (1)
Unsupported Arguments (1)
Petitions for Rehearing (1)
Judicial Notice (1)
Post Reversal (1)
Moot Appeals (1)
Appellate Briefing (1)
Pleadings (1)
Attorney Fees - CCP 1021.5 (1)
Judicial Estoppel (1)
Harmless Error (1)
Prejudicial Error (1)
Record Designation (1)
Typeface (1)
Typography (1)
Jury Instructions (1)
Precedent (1)
New Arguments (1)
Third Parties and Nonparties (1)
Ninth CircuitAbuse of Discretion (1)
Out-of-State Litigant (1)
Family Court (1)
Split Decisions (1)
Inconsistent Verdicts (1)
Punitive Damages (1)
Dicta (1)
Petitionf ro Review (1)
Finality and Final Orders (1)
DismissalsAppealability and Appealable Orders (1)
Motions to Quash (1)
Motions for Judgment on the Pleadings (1)
Federal Appeals (1)
Consenting to Judgments (1)
Alter Ego (1)
Law of the Case (1)
Record (1)
Bankruptcy (1)
Local Rules (1)
Evidentiary Presumptions (1)
New Trial (1)
Exhaustion of Remedies (1)
Waived and Forfeiture (1)
Per Se Errors (1)
Review as Writ Petition (1)
Incorrect Decisions (1)
Attorney Misconduct (1)
Restraining Orders (1)
Summary Reversal (1)
Judicial Misconduct (1)
Stipulated Reversals (1)
Trial Irregularities and Structural Errors (1)
Constitutional Litigation (1)
Medical Rights (1)
Retainer Agreements (0)
Professional Ethics (0)
Appellate (0)
Notice of Appeal (0)
Landlore Tenant (0)
Split of Authority (0)
No categories Legal Writing (0)
crossmenuchevron-down